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How was the fragrance of ancient Egypt, the earliest human perfume made?


The ancient Egyptians refined the essence as early as 4,000 BC. Perfume has been popular in Egypt for thousands of years, and the fragrance is often diffused in their various religious ceremonies and myths and legends, accompanied by their prayers, love, medical treatment and every day from life to death. Ancient Egyptian essence, what magic power does it make humans so addicted thousands of years ago?


On the west bank of the Nile, 120 km south of Luxor, there is a temple ruin. This is a veritable open-air museum covered with narrative paintings and ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs. The entire temple is surrounded by a wall of 137 kilometers. On the northwest side of the multi-pillar hall, there is a small room with no windows and no ventilation equipment. This is the fragrance laboratory.


In this sealed stone room, the walls are engraved with beautiful hieroglyphs and bas-relief paintings, recording many flavors and balsam formulas throughout history. The process of preparing these fragrances is as rigorous and mysterious as the preparation of potions.


For example, the ingredients from which region are used, how much each ingredient is added and the order of addition, whether it needs heating and the time of heating, the method of soaking and what kind of utensils should be used, what color and weight should be presented in the final result, etc., have detailed regulations.


These formulas are often proven to be practical by modern science. For example, an ancient toothpaste formula: 1% ounces of rock salt and dried iris flowers, 20% ounces of mint, and 20 peppers. The effect of iris on teeth was not proven by scientists until recently.


Long before Arab artisans made glass essence bottles, Egypt in the Pharaohs had learned core glass styling techniques from the Mesopotamians to make matching containers for their perfumes, essential oils, or balsams. At the same time, they still use traditional alabaster products to place precious ointments—especially those complex products used to make mummies.